A process analysis approach to jury deliberation. Horowitz, I.
Three possible verdicts | UK news | The Guardian
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Rape victim calls for end of 'not proven'
Its most famous use in the United States came when Senator Arlen Specter tried to vote "not proven" on the two articles of impeachment of Bill Clinton ,  his votes were recorded as "not guilty"  and when, at the O. Simpson murder case , various reformers, including Fred Goldman, Ron Goldman 's father, pushed for a change to "not proven" because of what they felt was an incorrect presumption of innocence on the part of Simpson. In , a proposal was made in the University of Chicago Law Review to introduce the not proven verdict into the United States. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Criminal procedure Criminal trials and convictions Rights of the accused Fair trial Pre-trial Speedy trial Jury trial Counsel Presumption of innocence Exclusionary rule 1 Self-incrimination Double jeopardy 2. Conviction Acquittal Not proven 3 Directed verdict. Capital punishment Execution warrant.
Imprisonment Life imprisonment Indefinite imprisonment. Criminal defenses Criminal law Evidence Civil procedure. Law Criminal justice. University of Chicago Law Review. Scottish Legal News. Retrieved 29 October Retrieved 4 April The Origins and Development of the Jury in Scotland.
Stair Society. Not Proven. Secker and Warburg. Specter's closed-door impeachment statement". Retrieved 13 March My position in the matter is that the case has not been proved. I have gone back to Scottish law where there are three verdicts: guilty, not guilty, and not proved.
I am not prepared to say on this record that President Clinton is not guilty. But I am certainly not prepared to say that he is guilty. There are precedents for a Senator voting present. I hope that I will be accorded the opportunity to vote not proved in this case. Juries in criminal cases under the laws of Scotland have three possible verdicts: guilty, not guilty, not proven.
Given the option in this trial, I suspect that many Senators would choose 'not proven' instead of 'not guilty'. That is my verdict: not proven. The President has dodged perjury by calculated evasion and poor interrogation. Obstruction of justice fails by gaps in the proofs. Hume, David Commentaries on the Law of Scotland, volume 2 2nd ed.
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